|Our Basic Package (C208) Includes
- Select from any of the listed cell lines (pre-determined easy to transfect cell lines)*
- sgRNA vector design, construction & delivery into cells
- Clonal screening and selection
- Screening & validation of knockout by Sanger sequencing**
- Expansion & cryopreservation of selected clone(s)
- Microbial/sterility testing
|Sequence verified knockouts (at least 1 clone, 2 vials per clone)**, microbial/sterility tested with a service report.
|Cell Line of Your Choice for Gene Editing#
||1 Cell Line
|WT Control Cell Line Expressing Cas9 for Comparison
(50% discount for academic customers if ordered with the basic package)
|1 Cell Line
|Additional Vials of Delivered Clones
|Validation Service by Western Blot (Up to 10 Clones)##
|Off-Target Analysis by Whole Genome Sequencing
|Additional rounds of selection and screening by Sanger Sequencing
|CRISPR-Cas9 Targeted Amplicon-Seq
|STR Profiling of WT and Knock-out cells
(50% discount if ordered with the basic package)
***A deposit and MTA is required to initiate all CRISPR Cell Line projects
Additional Information ▼
* Choose from HEK293, HEK293T, A549, HeLa, MDCK, A375, HepG2, HT1080 or U87MG. These cell lines are available as Cas-9 expressing versions or parental version. Cas9 expressing version will be used by default.If the parental version is preferred, please request prior to order placement.
**This pricing is valid for a single gene knockout for diploid loci only.
#Customer is required to provide atleast 2 million cells, 1L of propagation media/any special coated flasks if needed (if cells need DMEM or RPMI, ABM will supply media). Also, the cell line must tolerate single cell cloning and display adequate transfection and transduction efficiency.
##Pre-validated antibody needs to be provided by customer with appropriate positive control (preferably with supporting data).
^All “add on” services need to be indicated prior to order placement as the project design will need to be finalized prior to start of the service.
^^ Final Lead time may vary depending on actual growth rate of cell line while expanding from single cell.
Please note that if the gene to be knocked-out may be essential to cell survival, it is up to the end-user to proceed with the services. abm is unable to guarantee cell survival in these cases and will only attempt to rescue the clones under these conditions. abm is not accountable for cell survival if rescuing the clones (instructions to be provided customers) is unsuccessful.
The Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) system offers cutting edge RNA-Guided endonuclease technology for highly specific and customizable genome editing. With the use of a target sequence specific guide RNA, as well as the highly specific and programmable CRISPR associated nuclease (Cas9), abm offers an efficient and targeted genome editing service with minimal off-target effects.
You determine the gene of interest for knockout in the desired cell line and we can do the rest.
Case Study ▼
Using CRISPR to develop a biallelic LIF knockout in Mouse Colon Carcinoma Cells
Phase #1: Cas9 and sgRNA Delivery
- LIF locus in a Mouse Colon Carcinoma Cell Line, was knocked out using CRISPR targeted genome editing.
- Surveyor assay and sequencing results showed genome editing.
- After monoclonal selection biallelic knockout was confirmed by sequencing.
Figure 1. pLenti-U6-sgRNA-SFFV-Cas9-2A-Puro lentivector is an all-in-one vector for co-expressing sgRNA and Cas9 in mammalian cells. Expression of sgRNA is driven by the U6 promoter, a strong constitutive Pol III promoter. An SFFV promoter drives expression of the Cas9-2A-Puro cassette. By using the Cas9-2A-Puro cassette, cells can be directly screened for expression of Cas9, as they will be resistant to Puromycin.
Phase #2: First Round of Colony Screening for Edited Clones
- Three sgRNA were designed against mouse LIF locus (Mus musculus, NM_008501). Software analysis was performed to ensure the sgRNA had no predicted off targets binding sites. The selected sgRNA design was then cloned into the pLenti-U6-sgRNA-SFFV-Cas9-2A-Puro All-in-One lentivector (Figure 1).
- Recombinant Lentiviruses were packaged using abm’s second generation Lentiviral packaging system. A multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 5 was used to transduce the cells.
Figure 2. The surveyor assay indicated that Colony 3 and 6 were edited; colony 2 was not edited; and colony 1 was inconclusive.
Phase #3: Sequence Analysis of the Edited Colonies
- Cell colonies are isolated after puromycin selection. Genomic DNA was extracted and the surveyor assay was performed to confirm genomic editing of the LIF locus.
- A single band in a surveyor assay at the wild-type (WT) size indicates no editing has occurred; two smaller bands (that sum to the length of the WT) indicate editing has taken place.
- The surveyor assay (Figure 2) indicated that Colony 3 and 6 were edited; colony 2 was not edited; and colony 1 was inconclusive.
Figure 3. For colony 3 only one mutant sequence was detected, indicating that these cells are likely only heterozyotic knockouts. In colony 6 two different mutant sequences were detected.
Phase #4: Second Round of Selection for Monoclonal Biallelic Knockout Clones
- PCR products from Colonies 3 and 6 were further analyzed via Sanger Sequencing to determine the nature of the knockout (Figure 3).
- For colony 3 only one mutant sequence was detected, indicating that these cells are likely only heterozyotic knockouts. In colony 6 two different mutant sequences were detected.
Figure 4. Clones 6a, 6b and 6d all showed biallelic editing. Only clone 6a had frame shift mutations in both alleles. No WT sequences were detected in all subclones.
- Colony 6 was serial diluted into 96 well plates for monoclonal selection. Genomic DNA was extracted from these clones (i.e. 6a, 6b..), PCR amplified, cloned and sequenced.
- Of the colony 6 clones, sequencing showed that only clone 6a had a frameshift mutation in both alleles (Figure 4). A frameshift mutation disrupts the open reading frame, resulting in nonsense mediated decay of mRNA transcript.
Figure 5. Further sequencing of 6a confirmed biallelic knock-out. No WT sequences were detected.
Phase #5: Confirmation of Knockout by Next Generation Amplicon Sequencing
- Further sequencing of clone 6a confirmed that only two mutant alleles were present, the 2 bp and 4 bp deletions, and that no WT or other mutations were detected (Figure 5).
Figure 6. Next Generation Sequencing for CRISPR Knockout screening. A) Before knockout only WT sequences are detected. B) After Cas9 and sgRNA delivery, the first round of selection shows a mixed distribution of indel and WT sequences. C) After the second round of selection only knockouts remain.
- With next generation sequencing hundreds of thousands of alleles can be sequenced at once, resulting in a more robust dataset. By contrast Sanger sequencing is only feasible for 1-100 clones and therefore it can miss a large proportion of the population.
- Next generation sequencing was performed at each stage of selection to evaluate knockout (Figure 6). Before editing, only WT sequences were observed. After the first round of selection colony 6 showed a mixture of edited (70%) and WT (30%) sequences. Finally after monoclonal selection, clone 6a showed only edited sequences with no WT alleles present.